The latest abstract away from Phoenician mythology which has been managed regarding Philo owing to Eusebius (including biblical notices for a passing fancy subject) had previously been commonly thought about with suspician because of the vital grant and considered as primarily an invention because of the Philo, without any independent really worth given that a source of knowledge of Phoenician religion. This suspicious attitude while the disappered because of the newest recuperation from spiritual epic literature off Ugarit towards north Syrian coastline (1927-1937).
Such tall poetical texts discover because of the D.F.An excellent. Schaefer in the a few techniques show your gods out of Philo bear names from inside the highest region now better-understood away from Ugarit and off their present. The fresh Philo myths is described as the same moral dump and you may primitive barbarity with affection having detailed labels and you may personifications that will be discovered at Ugarit.
The types of studies suggest nothing change in the message out-of Canaanite mythology ranging from c. 1400 BC and you can 700 BC. Many specifics of Philo’s membership, not only in the issue of the names away from deities, but in the brand new mythological atmosphere too have complete contract toward Ugaritic mythology and you can late Phoenician inscriptions. Scholars was, for this reason, justified during https://datingranking.net/cs/swinglifestyle-recenze/ the recognizing, at the very least provisionally, all of the investigation kept by the Philo that do not cover personal interpretation with the their region.
Brand new divinities hence profile about mythological texts regarding Ugarit was in fact plainly not unusual towards the town, however, was indeed current certainly the Canaanites, because they brear merely an unclear link to typically the most popular deities worshipped in town in itself
Given that myths out of ancient Ugarit indicate, the latest faith of Canaanite peoples try a rough and you will debased brand of ritual polytheism. It absolutely was on the hot virility-cult praise away from an especially smutty and you may orgiastic form, which turned out to be far more influential than any almost every other character faith regarding ANE.
The brand new Ugaritic deities are actually most popular by various out of spiritual texts dating in the fifteenth and you may very early fourteenth 100 years BC that happen to be utilized in a collection located within the a building created ranging from Ugarit’s several high temples, that dedicated to Baal plus the other to help you Dagon
Canaanite deities, with the one hand, introduce exceptional fluidity off character and you will mode, so that it is commonly extremely hard to fix this domain name of various gods or even to explain the kinship to at least one another. This might be among the many grossly irrational areas of Canaanite faith, an indication of its corrupt character. Likewise, Canaanite deities keeps generally speaking etymologically transparent labels, an undeniable fact and therefore generally seems to point to the Canaanite pantheon because the symbolizing a cruder and a lot more ancient variety of polytheism.
Various epigraphic and you can literary offer let you know the newest brands of your chief gods and you can goddesses of several Canaanite citaies in almost any episodes.
El ‘s the name whereby the new best Canaanite goddess was known. This really is and additionally a reputation which God is called from inside the the old Testament — El, the fresh new God (Elohim) of Israel ( el elohe yisrael: Gen. ). For the majority prose they occures with greater regularity that have an enthusiastic adjunct: El Elyon (the essential large God, Gen. ), Este Shaddai (usually, God-almighty, Gen. 17:1), El Hai (New way of living Goodness, Josh. 3:10), and extremely are not regarding the plural out-of majesty, Elohim. Inside Hebrew poetry El is more repeated, where it stands usually without the adjunct (Ps. , 33, 48; ; Job 8:3).
The term El are a simple term to own “god” in Northwest Semitic (Hebrew and Ugaritic) and as such it is quite used in the old Testament to have heathen deities or idols (Ex boyfriend. ; Ps. ; Is actually. ). The original universal name are ‘ilum ; losing the fresh new mimation therefore the nominative situation stop ( you ) becomes ‘el in the Hebrew. It actually was most likely an enthusiastic adjectival development (intransitive participle) on the means “becoming solid, powerful” ( ‘wl ), definition “The new Good (or Effective) One to.”